World Heritage Sites in Belgium

Flemish Beguinages

Beguinages are a typically Flemish phenomenon. Nearly every Flemish town of any importance had one or more beguinages. Twenty-six of them have survived.

The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs

(50.49 N 4.18 E -- 50.47 N 4.08 E) --
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Four hydraulic boat-lifts on a short stretch of the historic Canal du Centre are a showpiece of the Walloon industrial heritage.

La Grand-Place, Brussels

(50.847 N 4.352 E) --
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Grand-Place illustrates the evolution and achievements of a highly successful mercantile city of northern Europe at the height of its prosperity, dating mainly from the late 17th century.

Belfries of Belgium and France

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The 32 belfries in Flanders and Wallonia in Belgium are imposing bell-towers of medieval origin, generally attached to the town hall and occasionally to a church. In addition to their outstanding artistic value, the belfries are potent symbols of the transition from feudalism to a mercantile urban society. The site was extended to inclued 23 belfries in the north of France plus the belfry of Gembloux in Belgium in 2005.

Historic Centre of Brugge

(51.217 N 3.233 E) --
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Brugge is an outstanding example of a medieval historic settlement.

Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta, Brussels

(50.828 N 4.362 E) --
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Includes four major town houses: the Hotel Tassel, the Hotel Solvay, the Hotel van Eetvelde, and Maison & Atelier Horta.

Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)

(50.417 N 3.983 E) --
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The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes, covering more than 100ha, are the largest and earliest concentration of ancient mines in Europe.

Notre Dame Cathedral in Tournai

(50.606 N 3.389 E) --
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The Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Tournai bears witness to a considerable exchange of influence between the architecture of the Ile de France, the Rhineland, and Normandy during the short period at the beginning of the 12th century that preceded the flowering of Gothic architecture.

Plantin-Moretus House/Workshops/Museum Complex

(51.218 N 4.398 E) --
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Stoclet House

(50.835 N 4.416 E)

Major Mining Sites of Wallonia

(50.435 N 3.838 E)

The Grand-Hornu, Bois-du-Luc, Bois du Cazier and Blegny-Mine sites represent the best preserved places of coal mining in Belgium, from the early 19th to the second half of the 20th centuries.

Architectural Work of Le Corbusier

Multiple sites in: Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India, Japan, and Switzerland (multiple sites)

Chosen from the work of Le Corbusier, the 17 sites comprising this transnational serial property are spread over seven countries and are a testimonial to the invention of a new architectural language that made a break with the past. They were built over a period of a half-century, in the course of what Le Corbusier described as "patient research".

Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians

( multiple locations)

For more links see Joint listing with Slovakia.

Joint listing with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, and Ukraine. These are the largest remaining virgin forests of the European beech (Fagus sylvatica). They also hold the largest and tallest beech specimens in the world. This site originally consisted of ten separate components along an 185 km axis from the Rakhiv Mountains and the Chornohirskyi Range in the Ukraine, west along the Polonynian Ridge, to the Bukovske Vrchy and Vihorlat Mountains in Slovakia. The listing was extended in 2011 to include 5 Ancient Beech forests in Germany, further extended in 2017 to include more forests in 10 countries, and further extended in 2021.

The Great Spa Towns of Europe

( multiple locations)

This joint listing comprises 11 towns, located in seven European countries. All of these towns developed around natural mineral water springs.

  • Spa

    Colonies of Benevolence

    ( multiple locations )

    One colony in Belgium and three in The Netherlands. Established in 1818, Frederiksoord (the Netherlands) is the earliest of these colonies and home to the original headquarters of the Society of Benevolence, an association which aimed to reduce poverty at the national level. Other components of the property are the colonies of Wilhelminaoord and Veenhuizen, in the Netherlands, and Wortel in Belgium.

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    Lynn Salmon <>{

    Last updated: August 2, 2021