World Heritage Sites in Mexico


Historic Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco

(19.418 N 99.133 W) -- satellite image

Pre-Hispanic City and National Park of Palenque

(17.483 N 92.05 W) --
satellite image

Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacán

(19.692 N 98.842 W) --
satellite image

Historic Centre of Oaxaca and the Archaeological Site of Monte Alban

(17.062 N 96.722 W) --
satellite image

Historic Centre of Puebla

(19.047 N 98.208 W) --
satellite image

Sian Ka'an

(19.08-20.10 N 87.5-87.97 W) --
satellite image

This biosphere reserve is located on the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. It contains tropical forests, mangroves and marshes, as well as a large marine section with a barrier reef. Sian Ka'an means "Where the Sky Begins" in the language of the Mayan peoples who once inhabited this region.


Historic Town of Guanajuato and adjacent mines

(21.017 N 101.256 W) --
satellite image

Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza

(20.667 N 88.60 W) --
satellite image

Major structures are Kukulcan pyramid, site of the Equinox solar phenomena, Temple of the Warriors, Temple of the Jaguars, El Mercado, Caracol, also known as the Observatory and the Ball Court (the largest in Mesoamerica). Another interesting part of the site is the Cenote or Sacred Well where ritual sacrifices of young women and children took place.


Historic Centre of Morelia

(19.704 N 101.192 W) --
satellite image

El Tajin, Pre-Hispanic City

(20.476 N 97.378 W) --
satellite image

Rock Paintings of the Sierra de San Francisco

(27.656 N 112.916 W) --
satellite image

The Sierra de San Francisco (in the El Vizcaino reserve, in Baja California) was home to a people who have now disappeared. They lived in the area from 100 B.C. to 1300 A.D. and left behind an outstanding collection of rock paintings.


Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino

(26.37-28.00 N 112.23-115.27 W) --
satellite image

Historic center of Zacatecas

(22.767 N 102.556 W) -- satellite image

Zacatecas was founded in 1546 after the discovery of a very rich silver lode. The town is built on the steep slopes of a narrow valley, and offers a breathtaking panorama. Many old buildings, both religious and civil, remain.


Earliest 16th century Monasteries on the slopes of Popocatepetl

(19.02 N 98.62 W)

There are fourteen monasteries included in this listing, built on the slopes of Popocatepetl, to the south-east of Mexico City. They are representative of the architectural model followed by the first missionaries - Franciscans, Dominicans and Augustinians - who introduced Christianity to the native populations at the beginning of the 16th century.


Prehispanic Town of Uxmal

(20.362 N 89.77 W) --
satellite image

Historic Monuments Zone of Queretaro

(20.583 N 100.367 W) --
satellite image

Hospicio Cabanas, Guadalajara

(20.67 N 103.33 W)

Historic Monuments Zone of Tlacotalpan

(18.60 N 95.65 W) --
satellite image

Archeological zone of Paquime, Casas Grandes

(30.376 N 107.956 W) --
satellite image

Archaeological Monuments Zone of Xochicalco

(18.81 N 99.275 W) --
satellite image

The name Xochicalco means "Place of Flowers".


Historic Fortified Town of Campeche

(19.83 N 90.50 W) -- satellite image

A harbour town typical of the Spanish colonial period in the New World. It has kept its outer walls and system of fortifications, constructed to defend this Caribbean port against attacks from the sea.


Ancient Maya City of Calakmul, Campeche

(18.123 N 89.783 W) --
satellite image

Calakmul is a well preserved example of a significant phase in human settlement and the development of architecture over a period of more than 12 centuries. It is an important Maya site located deep in the tropical forest of the Tierras Bajas of southern Mexico.


Franciscan Missions in the Sierra Gorda of Queretaro

( Multiple Locations)

This inscription includes the following missions: Santiago de Jalpan, Santa Maria del Agua de Landa, San Francisco del Valle de Tilaco, Nuestra Senora de la Luz de Tancoyol, and San Miguel Conca


Luis Barragan House

(19.418 N 99.198 W) --
satellite image

The concrete house was built in a suburb of Mexico City in 1948. It was the home and studio of architect Luis Barragan whose work in the Modern Movement has influenced the contemporary design of gardens, plazas, and landscapes.


Islands and Protected Areas of the Gulf of California

(27.627 N 112.546 W) -- satellite image

The Gulf of California contains two large islands, the Isla Angel de la Guarda and Tiburon Island as well as several smaller islands.


Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

(20.863 N 103.779 W)

Tequila is the liquor produced from the blue agave around the town of Tequila in western Mexico. The designated area encloses a working landscape of blue agave fields, with its distilleries, factories and haciendas.


Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM)

(19.332 N 99.188 W)

The campus is one of the most significant icons of modernity in Latin America. It was built from 1949 to 1952 by more than 60 architects, engineers and artists.


Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve

(19.606 N 100.242 W)

Located in rugged forested mountains about 100 km northwest of Mexico City. Every autumn, perhaps as many as a billion butterflies from wide areas of North America return to the site and cluster on small areas of the forest reserve. In the spring, these butterflies begin an 8 month migration that takes them all the way to Eastern Canada and back, during which time four successive generations are born and die. How they find their way back to their overwintering site remains a mystery.


Protective town of San Miguel and the Sanctuary of Jesus de Nazareno de Atotonilco

(20.914 N 100.746 W)

Camino Real de Tierra Adentro

(22.608 N 102.379 W)

Prehistoric Caves of Yagul and Mitla in the Central Valley of Oaxaca

(16.951 N 96.421 W)

El Pinacate and Gran Desierto de Altar Biosphere Reserve

(32.012 N 113.916 W)

Aqueduct of Padre Tembleque Hydraulic System

(19.835 N 98.663 W)

This 16th century aqueduct was initiated by the Franciscan friar, Padre Tembleque, and built with support from the local indigenous communities.


Archipelago of Revillagigedo

This site includes four remote Pacific islands known for their biodiversity and geological features. They are islands of volcanic origin, and some of the volcanoes are still very active.

Four sites:



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Lynn Salmon <>{

Last updated: August 3, 2017