Megalithic Temples of Malta

The World Heritage Site has been extended from the Ggantija Temples on the Island of Gozo and now includes five prehistoric temples situated on the islands of Malta and Gozo.

As early as 3600 BC the early inhabitants of the Maltese Islands were building impressive temple structures like the ruins at Ggantija on the island of Gozo.

Up close, one can see carvings on the rocks. A common pattern is one with a swirl. There's also plenty of graffitti.


Tarxien, the last of the temple building phases, ended around 2600 BC (about the same time the Great Pyramid in Egypt was built).

The inhabitants of these early temple building phases disappeared and it is not known what happened to them. Theories range from invasion to mass suicide. During the later Borg in-Nadur phase, building shifted to a more hostile climate with fortified hilltop settlements.

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Lynn Salmon <>{